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Trivent Transhumanism


Prof. Dr. Stefan Lorenz Sorgner,

Chair of the Department of History and Humanities at John Cabot University in Rome


   Ethics and Robotics
, ed. Steven Umbrello

   Transhumanist Studies, ed. Natasha Vita-More

   Transhumanism and Theology
, ed. Benedikt Paul Göcke

   Studies in Anthropology and Transhumanist Philosophy
, ed. Natasha Beranek

   Transhumanism and Philosophy, ed. David Edward Rose

   Transhumanism and Education, ed. Tamara Kamatovic

   Transhumanism and Sociology
, ed. Žarko Paić

   Transhumanism and Africa, ed. Ojochogwu Abdul and Leo Igwe

   Transhumanism and Latin America, ed. Nicolás Rojas Cortés


The word transhumanism can be traced to the word “transumanar” which was coined by Dante in the following lines of his text on the paradise:

“Trasumanar signifi car per verba

non si poria; per o l’essemplo basti

a cui esperienza grazia serba.”

(Paradiso, Canto I)

The word “trasumanar” means to move beyond the limitations of the human. However, this does not turn Dante into a transhumanist, as he did not use it to refer to a this-worldly evolution [1]. The concept of transhumanism, as used in the context of this book series, was developed by Julian Huxley in 1951 [2]. The first director general of UNESCO used the following explanation to shed further light on what transhumanism means:

“Such a broad philosophy might perhaps best be called, not Humanism, because that has certain unsatisfactory connotations, but Transhumanism. It is the idea of humanity attempting to overcome its limitations and to arrive at fuller fruition; it is the realization that both individual and social development are processes of self-transformation.”

The idea of attempting to overcome limitations to increase the quality of life is central to transhumanism. For most transhumanists, the goal of increasing the health span is central, as there seems to be a widely-shared correlation between the quality of life and an increased health span. The term “posthuman” usually stands for someone who has realized to overcome prior limitations by means of enhancing evolution. The technologies which are most promising for increasing the likelihood of the posthuman to come about are digitalisation, brain-computer-interfaces, and gene technologies. Consequently, the ethics of emerging technologies is a central discipline for intellectual exchanges by transhumanists. 

Contemporary transhumanism was decisively shaped by FM 2030 and his text “Are You a Transhuman? Monitoring and Stimulating Your Personal Rate of Growth in a Rapidly Changing World” from 1989 as well as Max More’s “Transhumanism: Towards a Futurist Philosophy” from 1990. The central female voice for promoting transhumanism has been Natasha Vita-More, who already wrote a Transhumanist Manifesto in 1983. The research as well as the activities by Natasha Vita-More as well as Max More were decisive for initiating a broader cultural movement of transhumanism, which from the beginning of the 1990 has gained a lot of momentum.

At the beginning of this millennium, there have been many intense reactions by world-leading intellectuals to transhumanism. In 2001, Habermas identified transhumanists with “freaked-out intellectuals,” who as “self-styled Nietzscheans” present “all-too-familiar motives of a very German ideology.” In 2004, Francis Fukuyama refers to transhumanism as the most dangerous idea in the world. In the meantime, the situation is different. The educated public is familiar with several ideas which are being associated with transhumanism. Series like Black Mirror, West World, and Electric Dreams have dealt with several transhumanist challenges. The Hollywood movie Transcendence with Johnny Depp, the series Big Bang Theory , as well as the novel Inferno by Dan Brown have reached an audience of millions of people, and all of them have presented aspects of transhumanism. Many of today’s leading entrepreneurs and innovators regard themselves as transhumanists, e.g. Martine Rothblatt, Peter Thiel, Aubrey de Grey, Ray Kurzweil, Elon Musk. 

While many transhumanist ideas are being discussed in the wider public, the intellectual engagement with transhumanist reflections by scholars at universities has been scarce. It is the goal of this publishing enterprise to change this situation, as transhumanism goes along with many paradigm-shifting reflections, which need to be analyzed by the best thinkers of our times.


[1] “The term transhuman has an unusual etymology in that its usage is found within the fields of literature, philosophy, religion, evolutionary biology. According to the "Report on The Meaning of Transhuman"  (Vita-More, 1989) the first use as transhuman is written as an Italian verb “transumanare” or”tranumanar”, as written by Dante Alighieri in Divina Commedia […]. In this reference transhuman means "go outside the human condition and perception". The English translation is "to transhumanate" or "to transhumanize". Centuries later, poet T.S. Eliot used the term "transhumanized" to represent die risks of the human journey in becoming illuminated as a "process by which the human is Transhumanised" in “The Cocktail Party" (1949). What is unusual, is that both authors, centuries apart, were poets.” (Vita-More, N. (2019). "History of transhumanism." In: Lee, N. (Ed.). The transhumanism handbook. Cham: Springer. 49-61., p.50).

[2] Huxley, J. (1951). "Knowledge, morality, and destiny". Psychiatry 14(2): 129-140.

Trivent Transhumanism

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Steven Umbrello

ISBN 978-615-6405-37-1           Paperback, €44.00

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Sex Robots: Love...

Maurizio Balistreri

trans. Steven Umbrello

ISBN 978-615-6405-40-1         Paperback, €37.00

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Humanisms and...

Edited by 

Fabrizio Conti and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner 

With a Foreword by Franco Pavoncello

Publication date: April, 2023

Pages: 177, colour

ISBN 978-615-6405-73-9                        Paperback, €41.00

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 part of this book can be read in Open Access

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Violent Tech. A...

Joshua K. Smith

Publication date: July, 2023

Pages: 215, colour

ISBN 978-615-6405-84-5                        Paperback, €37.00

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